t, *v,» tVirpsholds for socioeconomic indica- Punjab in Ma) will shorrty ^* prospective countries. It is to be tors and will initiate ertihty dechnes m P ^ ^^ ^ ^ hoped that nauonal tarty « PJ^ ^ wouU occur in the ~natu tiated by social and economic advance. The Islamic World i . 1(1* measures of education clearly stand out as variables In the Islarruc world* measures or Table g ^ t most related to natality levels. It w H be note and news. correlation Relents « ^^SLl «). As noted earlier, paper circulation (a cruae m t several Isiamic countries (i.e., fertility declines ^apparently °*™«f b]ic, of Isiamic heritage), Albania, ^^.^^^n and other indices of socioeconoiruc all of which dearly.1,ead'n.t"C^a"cbncernmg a second rank of countries development. The ev,dence » >»^^ sociOecono,rdc advance and by as determined by measures fa«n ^^ ^^ ^ ^ intermediate levels of natal ity I ^, V seems tQ be falBng ,n Unlted A'fTuZ 'u^ltre i n'sufficient evidence to postulate reduction Tunisia and Turkey, but mere exist socioeconomic of fertility o, its abs ence , m th emam ^^ to ^ threshold for the reduc ion of f .«W Latin ^^ Agata] higher than that for eas ^ family fanning policies that Tropical Africa . P..........,_ ,„ ,,_ir,,1 Africa must rest on the basis of frag- , mentary material such fertility made from very ^^..bn.teation (e.g., improved must be given to the possible mrtu a effect ol ^ ^^ ^ health conditions ^ ,n m^ ^J^f fertility limitation have been ob-Utin America. AUhough UK bc^ ^ an(J jn Nlgertaj it ls not 7e"he threshold for reduction of fertiHty in the tropical Africa area. used herein.in China, India, Pakistan, and Indonesia, continue to have low indices of Socioeconomic development. Although progress has been made and trends are in the right direction, these countries still fall below the threshold for fertility decline indicated by the experience of the more advanced countries of the region. What seems most likely is that some more advanced regions of these countries (such as the Union. Usable data on most variables are available for only seventeen. All the coeffieicnts presented are statistically significant at the 5 percent level and most at the 1 percent level or better. Nevertheless the countries included arc few and scarcely a random sample, so weight should be given to general levels and patterns, not to specific values.